Moving time  één uur 52 minuten

Tijd  2 uur 30 minuten

Coördinaten 4503

Geüpload 15 februari 2019

Uitgevoerd februari 2019

-
-
185 m
0 m
0
19
38
75,83 km

14 maal bekeken, 0 maal gedownload

nabij Daonanjiangjiacun, Shandong (China)

The track is a 1/2 day (return) car tour from Rongcheng City, Shandong to visit some of Chishan's Temples and Monuments, and to view the scenic mountains around Chishan. The track was recorded on February 2, 2019, a cold overcast day with snow threatenting.

The ancient Chishan Buddhism complex is within the mountainous "Chishan Scenic Interest Area". The main Temples and Monuments are car accessible, however a full-day walking exploration of the area could access other Temple locations, and scenic paths not accessible by car. As for most attractions in China, admission fees apply.

According to Information plates at the Temple sites, and other official descriptions:

The Temples were originally built in the Tang Dynasty, but destroyed during the reign of Emperor Wu of Tang, and rebuilt in 1988. The original Buddhist Order maintained strong Korean interchanges and was a center of martial arts exchange and shipping between China and Korea during the Tang period.

The first 30 monks established at Chishan during Tang did chanting practice, and were of the Chinese Tiantai School, an influential Lotus Sutra school. Then the Temples were very popular, often with 200 lay believers attending.

Apparently Chishan was also important in the westward transmission of Mayayana Buddhism from China to Japan. The Japanese Monk "Ennin Master" (also called Yuanren and Jikaku; ~773-864), was a Disciple of "Dengyo" in Japan when he visited from 839-842. That was just before the official demolition of Buddhism in China in ~845. Ennin stayed at Chishan Fahua Temple, Korean Cloister. While there he was an active monk, studying Tientai's "Great Consentration and Insight" and he began lecturing in "Lotus Sutra Congregations". After that Ennin continued his China pilgrimage to Mount Wuhai and Ch’ang-an. On return to Japan he was the first to be granted the title "Great Teacher" and he became the third Chief Priest of Enryaku-ji, the head Temple of the Japanese Tiendai School at Mount Hiei, Japan. Many of the destroyed Sutra translations, interpretations, and practices of Chinese Buddhism from the Tang period were saved in Japan, where they were futher developed.

The 1988 Chishan reconstruction is said to be faithful to the detailed descriptions in YuanRen's 9'th-Century Memoir "Into the Tang Dynnasty..."
  • Foto van Beiche Village, highway turnoff
  • Foto van Beiche Village, highway turnoff
This Waypoint is on Fahua Road, just after exiting the north-south highway and passing under a welcoming arch. From here the track continues through developed areas towards the western mountains and Chishan. There is a restauraunt near the bottom of the Chishan Temple complex, before reaching the admission gate.
  • Foto van Entrance and admissions
  • Foto van Entrance and admissions
  • Foto van Entrance and admissions
  • Foto van Entrance and admissions
As for most attractions in China, there is an entrance fee. A car pass is needed to drive around the main temples and monuments, and this track was done by car due to time contraints. Most temples have narrow, windy, and hilly paved road access and nearby parking lots. Alternatively, a full-day hike can be done from here, starting up the broad staircase behind the ticket booths.
  • Foto van Rock art exhibit and gift shop
  • Foto van Rock art exhibit and gift shop
  • Foto van Rock art exhibit and gift shop
A large interior space with many rock art displays, and a small shop with precious and semi-precious stone gifts.
  • Foto van short Temple walk from parking lot
  • Foto van short Temple walk from parking lot
  • Foto van short Temple walk from parking lot
  • Foto van short Temple walk from parking lot
  • Foto van short Temple walk from parking lot
The Fahuatu (a 48 meter tall, 7-story tower), fountain plaza, and other Temples are a short walk to the north from a large parking lot. Pictures are of the first temple to the north of the parking area. There are walks in the landscape gardens south of the parking lot (gardens were dormant in February).
  • Foto van Temple
  • Foto van Temple
  • Foto van Temple
  • Foto van Temple
  • Foto van Temple
  • Foto van Temple
At the first Temple, walking in the direction of Fahuatu Tower. There are much more extensive walking paths in this area, and a fountain, plaza, and other points of interest in the immediate area.
  • Foto van Parking for Chishan
  • Foto van Parking for Chishan
  • Foto van Parking for Chishan
  • Foto van Parking for Chishan
  • Foto van Parking for Chishan
  • Foto van Parking for Chishan
A level path leads from the parking area to a large plaza below the Chishan Statue. From there a long set of stairs goes up to Chishan.
  • Foto van Chishan Mingshen
  • Foto van Chishan Mingshen
  • Foto van Chishan Mingshen
  • Foto van Chishan Mingshen
  • Foto van Chishan Mingshen
  • Foto van Chishan Mingshen
A tall bronze statue facing towards the east and the fishing port of Shidao. One of the functions of the bodhisattva* is the protection of mariners. * [bodhisattva [菩薩] (Skt. Jpn.; bosatsu): One who aspires to enlightenment, or Buddhahood].
  • Foto van Views from Chishan Mingshan upper platform
  • Foto van Views from Chishan Mingshan upper platform
  • Foto van Views from Chishan Mingshan upper platform
  • Foto van Views from Chishan Mingshan upper platform
  • Foto van Views from Chishan Mingshan upper platform
  • Foto van Views from Chishan Mingshan upper platform
A wide balcony encircles the base of the bronze Chishan, with panoramoic views of Shidao Port (an active fishing port) and the surrounding Chishan Scenic Area.
  • Foto van Thought on decending Chishan Mingshen stairs
  • Foto van Thought on decending Chishan Mingshen stairs
  • Foto van Thought on decending Chishan Mingshen stairs
  • Foto van Thought on decending Chishan Mingshen stairs
"It's a long climb up and we didn't notice any lift devices". There are landings spaced at intervals all the way up.
  • Foto van Cherry Lake bicycle-running-walking loop
  • Foto van Cherry Lake bicycle-running-walking loop
  • Foto van Cherry Lake bicycle-running-walking loop
  • Foto van Cherry Lake bicycle-running-walking loop
  • Foto van Cherry Lake bicycle-running-walking loop
At a high quality approx. 6-kilometer bicycle and walking-running loop circling Cherry Lake. The bike station is beside the Kowloon Swan Hotel. There is also a new 3-level shopping complex here, and a tall circular stainless steel ring artwork visible for many kilometres. There is a seafood restaurant on the lake-shore ~200 meters to the east where speciality dishes can be served to table by robots. The Rongcheng bicycle fleet are sturdy one-speeds with adjustable seat height. Bikes are released using a common Chinese cellphone application (this only works if the App Registration is linked to a Chinese ID, so a local contact may be necessary for foreign visitors). See a seperate Feb-2019 Wikiloc for a bicycle track around Cherry Lake.
  • Foto van Cherry Lake shoreline
  • Foto van Cherry Lake shoreline
Older maps, including Wikiloc's free Shandong Province offline map, show undeveloped land here. Now the "lake" and shoreline development is finished and major residential building efforts are proceeding in several locations around the lake (February 2019). All is man-made; the "lake", shoreline and landscaping. This may not be "pure nature", but is iconic of interactions between humankind and the natural environment in China. Now there are very significant swan, duck, coot, and seabird activities so Cherry Lake has apparently been accepted into natural migration flyways. Actually its not really a "lake" perhaps its an "artificial tidal lagoon" because it has a ocean connection at the south end, where significant inflow of seawater was observed on the day.

Commentaar