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2.359 m
5 m
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213
426
853,0 km

25 maal bekeken, 0 maal gedownload

nabij Gianotti, Piemonte (Italia)

voorstel jaar 3
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Fenestrelle Fort

The Fenestrelle Fortress, better known as the Fenestrelle Fort is a fortress overlooking Fenestrelle. It is the symbol of the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northern Italy. It is the biggest alpine fortification in Europe, having a surface area of 1,300,000 m².
The fortress, built by Savoy between 1728 and 1850 under the design of the architect Ignazio Bertola, guards the access to Turin via the Chisone valley and stands at altitudes between 1,100 and 1,800 m. The territory was acquired in 1709 by the Duchy of Savoy after the defeat of the French at Fort Mutin .
The history of modern fortifications in the Fenestrelle area, began in 1690, when the King of France Louis XIV appointed Nicolas Catinat as commander of the French Army against the Duke of Savoy’s Army during the Nine Years' War. General Catinat, better known in Piedmont for his victory at the Battle of Staffarda, the destruction of the Castle of Avigliana and the fire at the Castle of Rivoli, understood the danger posed by the Chisone Valley for the French Army and decided to build 3 small redoubts and a fort in the Fenestrelle area.
More specifically, in 1694 Nicolas Catinat obtained the approval of Louis XIV to build Fort Mutin. During the War of the Spanish Succession, this imposing fortification was besieged in August 1708 by Victor Amadeus II’s troops and conquered in 15 days.

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Col de Montgenèvre

The Col de Montgenèvre is a high mountain pass in the Cottian Alps, in France 2 kilometres away from Italy.

The pass takes its name from the village Montgenèvre , which lies in the vicinity. It links Briançon in the upper Durance valley with the Susa Valley and its communes of Cesana Torinese and Susa in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont.


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Col de Montgenèvre

There is a theory is that Hannibal passed the Col de Montgenèvre to cross the Alps with his elephants. Its importance has always lain in the fact that it is the lowest of the principal crossings of the main range of the alps between France and Italy

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Briançon

Briançon a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.
At an altitude of 1,326 metres it is the highest city in France, based on the French definition as a community containing more than 2,000 inhabitants. Briançon's most recent population estimate is 11,645.

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Briançon (Hautes-Alpes)

This is the center of Briançon (Hautes-Alpes).

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Col d'Izoard

Col d'Izoard is a mountain pass in the Alps at an altitude of 2,361 m. It is connecting Briançon on the north and the valley of the Guil in Queyras, which ends at Guillestre in the south. There are forbidding and barren scree slopes with protruding pinnacles of weathered rock on the upper south side. Known as the Casse Déserte, this area has formed a dramatic backdrop to some key moments in the Tour de France, and often feature in iconic 1950s black-and-white photos of the race. From the south, the climb starts at Guillestre from where it is 31.5 km in length, at an average gradient of 4.8%. The climb proper starts at the junction with the D947, near Chateau Queyras from where the ascent is 15.9 km long. Over this distance, the climb gains 1,095 m at an average of 6.9% and a maximum gradient of 10%. The climb from Briançon to the Col is 20.0 km in length, climbing 1,141 m at an average gradient of 5.7 % and a maximum gradient of 9.4%. In general, the col is closed from October to early June.

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Queyras

The Queyras is a valley located in the French Hautes-Alpes, of which the geographical extent is the basin of the river Guil, a tributary of the Durance. The Queyras is one of the oldest mountain ranges of the Alps, and it was one of the last ones to be opened to public tourism towards the end of the 20th century, thus being relatively untouched by environmental destruction.

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Col de Vars

Col de Vars, elevation 2108 m is a high mountain pass in the Alps between the departments of Hautes-Alpes and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in France.

It connects the Ubaye Valley with the Queyras valley and Embrun. The pass is open only from May to October.


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Barcelonnette

Barcelonnette is a commune of France and a subprefecture in the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It is located in the southern French Alps, at the crossroads between Provence, Piedmont and the Dauphiné, and is the largest town in the Ubaye Valley. The town's inhabitants are known as Barcelonnettes.
Barcelonnette was founded and named in 1231, by Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence. While the town's name is generally seen as a diminutive form of Barcelona in Catalonia, Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing point out an earlier attestation of the name Barcilona in Barcelonnette in around 1200, and suggest that it is derived instead from two earlier stems signifying a mountain, *bar and *cin .

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Eglise de Barcelonnette

The speech harbour "Eglise de Barcelonnette" is located in Barcelonnette.

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Col de la Cayolle

Col de la Cayolle is a high mountain pass in the French Alps at the border between the departments of Alpes-Maritimes and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in France.

The northern side, from Barcelonette, is 29.15 km long, climbing 1,190 m at an average of 4.1%. On this side mountain pass cycling milestones are placed every kilometer. They indicate the current height, the distance to the summit, the average slope in the following passage, as well as the number of the street .


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gpm 1 col de la cayolle hors cat 17.7km 7.1%

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gpm 1 col de vue de verdon 2eme cat 4.8km 8%

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gpm 2 col du palud sur verdon cat 2 6.9km 7%

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Verdon Gorge

The Gorges Du Verdon , in south-eastern France , is a river canyon that is often considered to be one of Europe's most beautiful. It is about 25 kilometres long and up to 700 meters deep. It was formed by the Verdon River, which is named for its startling turquoise-green colour, one of the location's distinguishing characteristics. The most impressive part lies between the towns of Castellane and Moustiers-Sainte-Marie, where the river has cut a ravine to a depth of 700 metres through the limestone mass. At the end of the canyon, the Verdon River flows into the artificial lake of Sainte-Croix-du-Verdon .
Because of its proximity to the French Riviera, the gorge is very popular with tourists, who can drive around its rim, rent kayaks to travel on the river, or hike. The limestone walls, which are several hundreds of metres high, attract many rock climbers. It is considered an outstanding destination for multi-pitch climbing. The variety of 1,500 routes encompass cracks, pillars and seemingly endless walls, and range in distance from 20m to over 400m. The climbing is generally of a technical nature.

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Mons

Mons is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Situated at an altitude of 814 metres the commune of Mons encompasses a vast territory of 80 km2 in the Var, Provence, ranging from 214 metres to 1715 metres at the summit of Mont-Lachens. This explains the variety of different scenery found on the territory of the commune, as well as the diversity of its vegetation, but also accounts for the fact that it is sparsely cultivated. There are exceptional views from the village , ranging from Menton to the East all the way to Toulon in the West.

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Col de Val Ferrière

Le col "Col de Val Ferrière" est situé à Séranon.

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gpm 4 col de bleine 2eme cat 5.8km 8.8%

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Roquesteron

Roquesteron had a weather station between 1987 and 2008. It has a humid subtropical climate characterized by volatile temperatures, heavy precipitation varied with dry spells, and high diurnal temperature variation.


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Utelle

Utelle is a commune about 40 miles northeast of Nice in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Formerly an agricultural village planted with numerous olive trees, the village is near the Madonne d'Utelle, a chapel that serves as an annual pilgrimage site for local Catholics. In their 1997 book "The Templar Revelation," Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince mention "the old Templar town of Utelle, whose medieval houses still bear the esoteric sigils of the alchemists..." It is one of sixteen villages grouped together by the Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur tourist department as the Route des Villages Perchés . The others are: Aspremont, Carros, Castagniers, Coaraze, Colomars, Duranus, Èze, Falicon, La Gaude, Lantosque, Levens, La Roquette-sur-Var, Saint-Blaise, Saint-Jeannet and Tourrette-Levens.

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Col de Turini

The Col de Turini is a high mountain pass in the Alps in the department of Alpes-Maritimes in France, situated entirely in the Arrondissement of Nice. The road connects Lantosque in the commune La Bollène-Vésubie, with Sospel in the commune Moulinet. It is the major road link between the river valley of the Vésubie and the Bévéra valley. It is notorious for its many hairpins and scenic landscapes.

The Col de Turini features every year in the Monte Carlo Rally, held in January, as the setting of a 31-kilometre stage. The stage is run from La Bollène-Vésubie up to the summit of the mountain pass, and descending to Sospel, or the reverse trajectory.. Known for its narrow road with many hairpin turns, the Col de Turini is the technical centrepiece of the rally. Until a few years ago, race pilots drove up the mountain pass at night, with thousands of fans watching the so called "night of the long knives" as it was called, due to the strong high beam lights cutting through the night.


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Col de Turini

The mountain pass "Col de Turini" is located in Moulinet.

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gpm 3 col de turini 1eme cat 11.2km 6.8%

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gpm 2 col de castillon 2eme cat 10.1km 6.1%

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